Document Detail


Relationships between ovulation rate and litter size in purebred Landrace and Yorkshire gilts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15710199     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the present study was to investigate the ovulation rate and its relationship to number of total piglets born in purebred gilts under tropical climatic conditions. This study was conducted in two swine breeding herds (A and B) in the northeastern part of Thailand. The sources of swine genetic material originate from West Europe. Gilts were mated (AI) on the second or later observed estrus at a body weight of at least 130 kg. In most cases, they were mated at third estrus. One hundred and twenty-seven gilts, 24 Landrace and 24 Yorkshire from herd A, and 42 Landrace and 37 Yorkshire from herd B were used. Gilts were examined once by laparoscopy under general anesthesia between days 8 and 15 after mating. The ovaries were examined and the pathological findings were recorded. The number of corpora lutea was counted, and was assumed to equal the ovulation rate. Subsequent mating results and farrowing data were recorded. The data were analyzed with analysis of variance. Single or double unilateral cysts and par-ovarian cysts did not affect mating results. Landrace gilts were significantly younger at first mating than Yorkshire gilts (244 versus 249 days, P < 0.05). At first mating, Yorkshire gilts had a significantly higher ovulation rate compared to Landrace gilts (15.3 versus 13.8, P < 0.001). There was no difference in the number of total piglets born per litter between the two breeds, but the total prenatal loss from ovulation to farrowing was significantly higher in Yorkshire than in Landrace gilts. Both the low ovulation rate and the high prenatal loss contribute to the low litter size in gilts raised under tropical climatic conditions.
Authors:
W Tantasuparuk; M Techakumphu; S Dornin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0093-691X     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  2005 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-15     Completed Date:  2005-05-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1142-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. Wichai.T@chula.ac.th
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aging
Animals
Body Weight
Breeding
Corpus Luteum / anatomy & histology
Female
Insemination, Artificial / veterinary
Litter Size*
Ovulation / physiology*
Pregnancy
Species Specificity
Swine / physiology*
Thailand
Tropical Climate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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