Document Detail

Relationships between menopausal symptoms, depression, and exercise in middle-aged women: a cross-sectional survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18692187     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between the severity of menopausal symptoms and depression in Korean women, 40-60 years of age, and to compare the severity of menopausal symptoms and depression between subjects who exercise regularly and subjects who do not exercise regularly. METHODS: Data for this cross-sectional, descriptive study were collected by administering questionnaires eliciting general information, menopausal symptoms, the Beck Depression Index and an exercise history to 648 middle-aged women who participated in a women's health promotion program held in the public health center located in Incheon, Korea. RESULTS: There was a significant positive correlation between the severity of menopausal symptoms and depression. The severity of menopausal symptoms and depression in subjects who exercised more than three times a week were significantly lower than in the subjects who did not exercise. Menopausal symptoms differed significantly by education, marital status, economic level, and menopausal status. Economic status was related to education level and marital status. The correlation between body mass index and hot flushes was significant, but the magnitude of the correlation coefficient was small (r=.208, p=.000). CONCLUSIONS: Women who were depressed had more menopausal symptoms than women who were not depressed, and women who exercised regularly were less depressed and less symptomatic than women who did not exercise.
Youngwhee Lee; Hwasoon Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-08-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of nursing studies     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0020-7489     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Nurs Stud     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-28     Completed Date:  2009-03-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400675     Medline TA:  Int J Nurs Stud     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1816-22     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Department of Nursing, Inha University, #253 Younghyun-dong, Nam-gu, Incheon 402-751, Republic of Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Attitude to Health
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression / diagnosis,  prevention & control*,  psychology*
Educational Status
Exercise* / physiology,  psychology
Marital Status
Menopause* / physiology,  psychology
Middle Aged
Nursing Methodology Research
Patient Education as Topic
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Self Care / methods,  psychology
Severity of Illness Index
Socioeconomic Factors
Women / education,  psychology*

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