Document Detail


Relationships between locus of control, trait anxiety, and state anxiety: an interactionist perspective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  469699     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the relationships among generalized expectancy for internal or external control, situational expectancy of control over aversive stimuli, trait anxiety level, and state anxiety reactivity. Seventy-two male subjects, selected from the upper and lower halves of the distributions of scores from the I-E and STAI A-Trait Scales, were randomly assigned to one of three conditions of expectancy of control over electric shock. Repeated measures of state anxiety were taken at three points in the experiment, and subjects were asked to rate the degree of control they expected to have in avoiding shocks. Results, based upon analyses of variance, were interpreted as strongly supportive of the use of the interactionist model in understanding the manner in which personality trait and situational variables interact in the determination of subject expectancies of control and anxiety reactivity.
Authors:
R P Archer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0022-3506     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers     Publication Date:  1979 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-10-24     Completed Date:  1979-10-24     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985194R     Medline TA:  J Pers     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  305-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anxiety / psychology*
Avoidance Learning
Electroshock
Humans
Internal-External Control*
Male
Personality
Social Environment

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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