Document Detail


Relationships between dietary intake and cognitive function level in Korean elderly people.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11406779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined the relationship between dietary intake and cognitive performance in Korean elderly people. Data for dietary intake, anthropometric measurements and cognitive function tests were collected and the relationships of the variables were analyzed. A random sample of 210 men and 239 women in Korea, aged 60 and over, was selected. Subjects were free-living elderly people who had not experienced major cognitive function impairment. Main outcome measures, 24 h dietary recall method, food behaviour variables, anthropometrics indices, health variables, and Kwon's Mini-Mental State Examination for Koreans (MMSE-K) for cognitive function test. The prevalence rate of poor cognitive function (MMSE-K score < or = 19) of Korean elderly was 22.3%: women with poor cognitive function had a higher rate (31.0%) than that in men (12.3%). Cognitive ability was related negatively with age and positively with school education level. Female subjects of poor cognitive function had significantly lower intakes of total amount of foods, cereals, vegetables, fruits, milk, spices, and also, energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, Ca, P, Fe, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin than those of the normal cognitive score (> or = 24) group (P < 0.05). Male subjects of poor cognitive function had significantly lower intakes of fruits, fiber, and vitamin C than the normal subjects (P < 0.05). The MMSE-K score of female subjects showed a significant positive correlation with total amount of foods, cereals, beans, fruits, milk, oil, spices, and energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, Ca, Fe, P, riboflavin and niacin intakes. The consumption of adequate nutrients, by taking sufficient amounts and variety of foods, may be important in maintaining adequate cognitive function in elderly Koreans.
Authors:
L Lee; S A Kang; H O Lee; B H Lee; J S Park; J H Kim; I K Jung; Y J Park; J E Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health     Volume:  115     ISSN:  0033-3506     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-14     Completed Date:  2001-07-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376507     Medline TA:  Public Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  133-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Home Economics Education, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea. leelilha@dragonar.nm.cau.ac.kr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cognition / classification*
Cognition Disorders / epidemiology*,  etiology
Diet / adverse effects,  classification*
Female
Humans
Korea
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys*
Nutritional Status
Questionnaires

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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