Document Detail


The relationships between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and cardiometabolic markers in young children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23351625     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been implicated as a major contributor to the development of obesity and cardiometabolic disease.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and cardiometabolic markers in young children.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data collected by the National Center for Health Statistics.
PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4,880 individuals aged 3 to 11 years from nationally representative samples of US children participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 1999-2004 were studied.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Concentrations of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, and C-reactive protein as well as waist circumference and body mass index percentile for age-sex.
STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to determine independent associations between each outcome variable and the number of serving equivalents of sugar-sweetened beverages consumed after adjusting for age, sex, race, poverty status, physical activity, and energy intake.
RESULTS: Increased sugar-sweetened beverage intake was independently associated with increased C-reactive protein concentrations (P=0.003), increased waist circumference (P=0.04), and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations (P<0.001). Subgroup analyses demonstrated differences in the association of sugar-sweetened beverage intake with metabolic markers and anthropometric measurements among age ranges, sex, and racial/ethnic groups.
CONCLUSIONS: In this cross-sectional analysis of children's dietary data, sugar-sweetened beverage intake was independently associated with alterations in lipid profiles, increased markers of inflammation, and increased waist circumference in children. Prospective studies are needed, but awareness of these trends is essential in combating the growing metabolic and cardiovascular disease burden in the pediatric population.
Authors:
Ethan C Kosova; Peggy Auinger; Andrew A Bremer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Volume:  113     ISSN:  2212-2672     ISO Abbreviation:  J Acad Nutr Diet     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-28     Completed Date:  2013-03-14     Revised Date:  2014-07-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573920     Medline TA:  J Acad Nutr Diet     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-27     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Beverages
Biological Markers
Body Mass Index
C-Reactive Protein / analysis*
Cardiovascular Diseases / blood,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Child
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Child, Preschool
Cholesterol / blood*
Cholesterol, HDL / blood
Cholesterol, LDL / blood
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dietary Sucrose / administration & dosage,  adverse effects*
Female
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Nutrition Surveys
Obesity / blood,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Sweetening Agents / administration & dosage,  adverse effects*
Triglycerides / blood
Waist Circumference*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
KL2 RR024144/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; UL1 RR024146/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; UL1 RR024975/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; UL1 RR024975-01/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Cholesterol, HDL; 0/Cholesterol, LDL; 0/Dietary Sucrose; 0/Sweetening Agents; 0/Triglycerides; 9007-41-4/C-Reactive Protein; 97C5T2UQ7J/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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