Document Detail


Relationship of pulmonary edema after hemorrhagic shock to intravascular coagulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6839428     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined the relationship between hemorrhage-induced alterations in the extravascular lung water content and the degree of intravascular coagulation in nonheparinized dogs. The severity of pulmonary edema was assessed by the extravascular lung water content to bloodless dry lung weight ratio (W/D), and the degree of intravascular coagulation in the lung was assessed by prior injection of 125I-labeled fibrinogen. Pulmonary edema developed in only 4 of 12 dogs (ie, W/D ratio of 4.86 +/- 0.12 ml/gm vs 3.21 +/- 0.056 in controls), while in others the W/D ratio of 3.23 +/- 0.11 was in the normal range. The animals that developed pulmonary edema also had increased 125I-activity in the lungs, while the activity was not increased in dogs that did not develop pulmonary edema. Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) increased to the same extent in both groups, while arterial pO2 decreased and venous admixture increased during hemorrhage only in dogs that developed pulmonary edema. Pulmonary blood volume decreased in dogs with pulmonary edema, and the decrease was largely confined to the dependent lung regions. The results suggest the activation of intravascular coagulation and pulmonary thromboembolization in only those dogs developing pulmonary edema. The relationship of intravascular coagulation to edema in these animals suggests that the edema was due to activation of cellular (eg, granulocytes) or humoral factors (eg, fibrin degradation products) associated with intravascular coagulation. However, most dogs subjected to hemorrhage did not have intravascular coagulation in lungs and did not develop pulmonary edema. Thus, differences in activation of intravascular coagulation may explain why pulmonary edema does not commonly occur after hemorrhage.
Authors:
H van der Zee; A B Malik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulatory shock     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0092-6213     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. Shock     Publication Date:  1983  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-06-23     Completed Date:  1983-06-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0414112     Medline TA:  Circ Shock     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  91-100     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Gas Analysis
Blood Pressure
Blood Volume
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation / complications*,  physiopathology
Dogs
Hemodynamics
Lung / anatomy & histology
Organ Size
Pulmonary Edema / etiology*,  physiopathology
Shock, Hemorrhagic / complications*,  physiopathology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-00363/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-17355/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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