Document Detail


Relationship of nocturnal melatonin levels to duration and course of multiple sclerosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8050864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common of the demyelinating diseases of the CNS. The clinical course and prognosis of the disease are variable. Characteristically, the illness tends to progress in a series of relapses and remissions. Over the years there is a tendency for the patient to enter a phase of slow and steady deterioration of neurologic function. In about 10%-20% of patients, the course of the disease is not punctuated by a fluctuating course, but rather by an inexorable progression from the onset. The pineal gland has been implicated recently in the pathogenesis and clinical course of MS. Since MS is generally a chronic progressive disorder, we predicted an association between duration of illness and the activity of the pineal gland. To investigate this hypothesis further, we studied nocturnal plasma melatonin levels in relation to duration of illness in a cohort of 32 MS patients (4 men, 28 women; mean age: 41.1 years; SD = 11.1; mean duration of illness: 13.1 years; SD = 12.4) randomly selected from consecutive hospital admissions to a Neurology service for exacerbation of symptoms. For the purpose of comparison, we also studied in the sample serum prolactin levels. The cohort included 7 patients in whom the duration of illness since onset of first neurological symptoms was < or = 5 years (mean: 3.0 years +/- 1.1) and a cohort of 25 patients in whom the duration of illness was > 5 years (mean: 15.6 years +/- 12.7).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
R Sandyk; G I Awerbuch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of neuroscience     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0020-7454     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  1994 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-09-08     Completed Date:  1994-09-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0270707     Medline TA:  Int J Neurosci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-37     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
NeuroCommunication Research Laboratories, Danbury, CT 06811.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age of Onset
Aged
Female
Humans
Male
Melatonin / blood*
Middle Aged
Multiple Sclerosis / blood*,  physiopathology,  psychology
Pineal Gland / physiopathology
Prolactin / blood
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
Sex Characteristics
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
73-31-4/Melatonin; 9002-62-4/Prolactin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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