Document Detail

Relationship of the first suck burst to feeding outcomes in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16714916     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between the number of sucks in the first nutritive suck burst and feeding outcomes in preterm infants. The relationships of morbidity, maturity, and feeding experience to the number of sucks in the first suck burst were also examined.
METHODS: A non-experimental study of 95 preterm infants was used. Feeding outcomes included proficiency (percent consumed in first 5 min of feeding), efficiency (volume consumed over total feeding time), consumed (percent consumed over total feeding), and feeding success (proficiency >or=0.3, efficiency >or=1.5 mL/min, and consumed >or=0.8). Data were analyzed using correlation and regression analysis.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: There were statistically significant positive relationships between number of sucks in the first burst and all feeding outcomes-proficiency, efficiency, consumed, and success (r=0.303, 0.365, 0.259, and tau=0.229, P<.01, respectively). The number of sucks in the first burst was also positively correlated to behavior state and feeding experience (tau=0.104 and r=0.220, P<.01, respectively). Feeding experience was the best predictor of feeding outcomes; the number of sucks in the first suck burst also contributed significantly to all feeding outcomes. The findings suggest that as infants gain experience at feeding, the first suck burst could be a useful indicator for how successful a particular feeding might be.
Rita H Pickler; Chantira Chiaranai; Barbara A Reyna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0893-2190     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinat Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    2006 Apr-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-22     Completed Date:  2006-07-20     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801387     Medline TA:  J Perinat Neonatal Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-62     Citation Subset:  N    
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Va 23298, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Child Development / physiology
Clinical Nursing Research
Deglutition / physiology
Feeding Behavior / physiology*,  psychology
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*,  psychology
Logistic Models
Neonatal Nursing
Nursing Assessment
Predictive Value of Tests
Prospective Studies
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Regression Analysis
Sucking Behavior / physiology*
Grant Support

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