Document Detail

Relationship between tympanic membrane perforations and retained ventilation tubes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9559689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of prolonged ventilation tube retention on tympanic membrane healing and the efficacy of patching procedures used concomitantly at the time of tube removal. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary referral academic institution. PATIENTS: Seventy-six patients aged 12 years and younger, with a total of 99 ears identified from January 1989 to December 1994. All patients underwent ventilation tube removal for prolonged tube retention or infection unresponsive to medical management. A minimum of 6 months of follow-up was required for inclusion. INTERVENTION: Ventilation tube removal under general anesthesia, with or without concomitant patching. OUTCOME MEASURES: All medical charts were reviewed for age, sex, indications for tube removal, tube retention time, type of patch used (if any), type of tube, outcome after removal, other medical problems, and previous surgical history. RESULTS: The perforation rate was significantly higher in children with tubes retained beyond 36 months (P=.02). History of previous adenoidectomy predicted poor outcome, with a rate of 47% vs 17% in patients with no such history (P=.002). Patching did not improve healing. No other patient factors significantly influenced the perforation rate. CONCLUSIONS: Ventilation tube retention longer than 36 months resulted in an increased perforation rate after surgical removal. Paper patching at the time of tube removal does not improve healing. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings and to determine the efficacy of other patching techniques.
P T Nichols; H H Ramadan; M K Wax; R D Santrock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery     Volume:  124     ISSN:  0886-4470     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.     Publication Date:  1998 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-30     Completed Date:  1998-04-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8603209     Medline TA:  Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  417-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, West Virginia University, Morgantown 26506-9200, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Ear Ventilation / instrumentation*
Postoperative Complications / etiology
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Tympanic Membrane Perforation / etiology*,  surgery
Wound Healing / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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