Document Detail


Relationship between scintigraphic and radiographic evaluations of spinous processes in the thoracolumbar spine in riding horses without clinical signs of back problems.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15460068     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Radiography and scintigraphy are used to aid diagnosis of the cause of back pain, but a large variation in appearance and radiopharmaceutical uptake in fully functioning horses make diagnosis difficult. OBJECTIVES: To describe the range of and compare scintigraphic and radiographic findings in the spinous processes of horses without clinical signs of back problems. METHODS: Thirty-three apparently normal riding horses underwent scintigraphic and radiographic examinations of the spinous processes in the thoracolumbar spine. Scintigraphic images were evaluated in a continuous blue, green and red colour scale, and the level of radiopharmaceutical uptake in the spinous processes from T10-L2 was graded into none, mild, moderate or severe increased radiopharmaceutical uptake. Structural changes along the borders of the spinous processes and the width of the interspinous spaces from T10-L2 were recorded. RESULTS: Only 7 horses had no scintigraphic or radiographic findings. Nine horses had no increased radiopharmaceutical uptake, 17 had no sclerosis, 21 had no radiolucencies and 11 had normal spacing of the spinous processes (>4 mm wide). The majority of findings in 26 horses were located from T13-18 and were mild. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of a wide spectrum of scintigraphic and radiographic changes leads to the conclusion that changes within this range found in affected horses cannot be interpreted as clinically significant. POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: To determine whether scintigraphy and/or radiography can be used to separate horses with back pain from horses without clinical signs, the results from this study should be compared to the scintigraphic and radiographic findings in horses with clinical signs.
Authors:
C Erichsen; P Eksell; K Roethlisberger Holm; P Lord; C Johnston
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Equine veterinary journal     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0425-1644     ISO Abbreviation:  Equine Vet. J.     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-04     Completed Date:  2004-11-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0173320     Medline TA:  Equine Vet J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  458-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Companion Animal Clinical Sciences, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, 0033 Oslo, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Back Pain / radiography,  radionuclide imaging,  veterinary*
Female
Horse Diseases / radiography*,  radionuclide imaging*
Horses
Lumbar Vertebrae* / radiography,  radionuclide imaging
Male
Predictive Value of Tests
Reference Values
Technetium Tc 99m Medronate / diagnostic use
Thoracic Vertebrae* / radiography,  radionuclide imaging
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
63347-66-0/Technetium Tc 99m Medronate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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