Document Detail


Relationship between the rate of gastric emptying and glucose and insulin responses to starchy foods in young healthy adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3048076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Twelve young healthy adults (five men, seven women) ingested four test meals on four occasions so we could examine the relationship between the rate of gastric emptying (GE) and the glucose response to different starchy foods. Each meal consisted of one food product containing 50 g starch: spaghetti, rice, French bread, or mashed potato. Basal and postprandial glucose and insulin responses were measured for 3 h. The foods were labeled with 3.7 MBq Tc99m-albumin and GE was studied by scintigraphy for 3 h. The rate of GE (expressed by the GE half-time) was fastest for mashed potatoes, then bread, rice, and slowest for spaghetti. Blood glucose and serum insulin responses were similar. A significant negative correlation was found between the GE half-time and the maximum variation in blood glucose level (r = -0.6, p less than 0.0001). The glucose response to all four foods is strongly related to the GE rate.
Authors:
J Mourot; P Thouvenot; C Couet; J M Antoine; A Krobicka; G Debry
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1988 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-10-27     Completed Date:  1988-10-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1035-40     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Université de Nancy, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Glucose / metabolism*
Dietary Carbohydrates / pharmacology*
Female
Gastric Emptying / drug effects*
Humans
Insulin / blood*
Male
Starch / pharmacology*
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 9005-25-8/Starch

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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