Document Detail

Relationship between pregnancy per artificial insemination and early luteal concentrations of progesterone and establishment of repeatability estimates for these traits in Holstein-Friesian heifers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22541467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Pregnancy per insemination is a major determinant of reproductive efficiency in cattle and is affected by concentrations of progesterone (P4) during early pregnancy. The relationship between pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) and early luteal concentrations of P4, and repeatability of concentrations of P4 was examined on d 4, 5, 6, and 7 (day of standing estrus=d 0) in 118 Holstein Friesian heifers following 2 rounds of AI to 1 high-fertility sire. Repeatability estimates (R(e)) for P/AI were established following 4 rounds of AI. We found a linear and quadratic relationship between P/AI and concentrations of P4 on d 4 to 7 after estrus, as well as a linear and quadratic relationship between P/AI and the change in concentration of P4 from d 4 to 7 and from d 5 to 7. Optimum concentrations of P4 to maximize probability of P/AI were 2.5, 4.0, 5.0, 5.2, and 3.5ng/mL for d 4, 5, 6, and 7, and the change from d 4 to 7, respectively. Repeatability of P/AI following 4 rounds of AI was low (R(e)=0.07). Repeatability estimates for concentrations of P4 from cycle to cycle indicated low repeatability between d 4 (R(e)=0.05) and 7 (R(e)=0.20). These data indicated the importance of P4 in the early luteal phase for pregnancy survival, but also demonstrated that high concentrations of P4 on these days have a deleterious effect on embryo viability. Early luteal (d 4 to 5) concentrations of P4 were a reasonable predictor of concentrations on d 7 and could be used as a diagnostic tool to identify animals at risk of subsequent embryo loss.
M H Parr; M P Mullen; M A Crowe; J F Roche; P Lonergan; A C O Evans; M G Diskin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2390-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Mellows Campus, Athenry, Co. Galway, Ireland; School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.
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