Document Detail

Relationship between periodontal disease in pregnant women and the nutritional condition of their newborns.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12416776     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal periodontal disease (PD) could be associated with the nutritional condition of newborns. METHODS: After controlling for traditional risk factors for premature childbirth and low birth weight, 69 mothers were selected: 13 were periodontally healthy and 56 had varying stages of PD. They and their newborns formed the study population. PD presence and severity were clinically determined using Russell's periodontal index. The nutritional evaluation of the newborns was determined by Lubchenco's modified growth patterns. RESULTS: A decrease in the average newborn's weight and gestational age was observed as the mother's level of PD increased. Correlation analysis demonstrated a highly significant clinical relationship between more severe PD and lower birth weight (r = -0.49; P < 0.01); a highly significant relationship was also clinically demonstrated between increasing PD severity and decreasing gestational age of the newborn babies (r = -0.59; P < 0.01). There were significant differences in the weight and gestational age of the newborns of mothers with PD. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that PD in pregnant women could be a clinically significant risk factor for preterm deliveries and low birth weight. There was considerable variability in the results, and these preliminary findings need to be confirmed in larger studies.
Belkys C Romero; Claudio S Chiquito; Luis E Elejalde; Cecilia B Bernardoni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of periodontology     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0022-3492     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Periodontol.     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-05     Completed Date:  2003-01-14     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000345     Medline TA:  J Periodontol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1177-83     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Dental Faculty, Department of Periodontics, University of Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Birth Weight
Case-Control Studies
Gestational Age
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections* / complications
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Age
Obstetric Labor, Premature / etiology
Periodontal Diseases* / complications
Periodontal Index
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious*
Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Statistics, Nonparametric

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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