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Relationship between performance at different exercise intensities and skeletal muscle characteristics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21436467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The hypothesis investigated whether exercise performance over a broad range of intensities is determined by specific skeletal muscle characteristics. Seven subjects performed 8-10 exhaustive cycle trials at different work loads ranging from 150 to 700 W (150 min - 20 s). No relationships between the performance times at high and low work loads were observed. A relationship (P<0.05) was observed between the percentage of FTx fibers and the exercise time at 579±21 W (~30 s; r(2)=0.88). Capillary-to-fibre-ratio (r(2): 0.58-0.85) was related (P<0.05) to exercise time at work intensities ranging from 395 to 270 W (2.5-21 min). Capillary density was correlated (r(2)=0.68; P<0.05) with the net rate of plasma K(+) accumulation during a ~3-min bout, and was estimated to explain 50 to 80% (P<0.05) of the total variance observed in exercise performances lasting approximately 30 s -3 min. The Na(+),K(+) pump β1 subunit expression was found to account for 13-34% (P<0.05) during exhaustive exercise of approximately 1-4 min. In conclusion, exercise performance at different intensities is related to specific physiological variables. A large distribution of FTx fibres may play a role during very intense efforts, i.e. ~30 s. Muscle capillaries and the Na(+),K(+) pump β1 subunit seem to be important determinants for performance during exhaustive high-intensity exercises lasting between 30 s to 4 min.
Authors:
F Marcello Iaia; Jorge Perez-Gomez; Martin Thomassen; Nikolai Baastrup Nordsborg; Ylva Hellsten; Jens Bangsbo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1601     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1University of Copenhagen.
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