Document Detail


Relationship between partial gastric volumes and dyspeptic symptoms in fundoplication patients: a 3D ultrasonographic study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15447748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Impaired gastric accommodation may induce dyspeptic symptoms in postfundoplication patients. Our aim was to assess the effect of a meal on total and partial gastric volumes in relation to dyspeptic symptoms in both dyspeptic and nondyspeptic fundoplication patients using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography. METHODS: Eighteen postfundoplication patients of whom eight with and ten without dyspeptic symptoms and eighteen controls were studied. Three-dimensional ultrasonographic images of the stomach were acquired and symptoms were scored while fasting and at 5, 15, 30, 45, and 60 min after ingesting of a 500-ml liquid meal. From the 3D ultrasonographic images of the stomach the total, proximal, and distal gastric volumes were computed. RESULTS: Dyspeptic and nondyspeptic fundoplication patients exhibited similar total gastric volumes at 5 min postprandially compared to controls, whereas smaller total gastric volumes were observed from 15 to 60 min postprandially (p = 0.007 and p < 0.001, respectively). Postprandial proximal/total gastric volume ratios were markedly reduced in both dyspeptic (0.39 +/- 0.016; p < 0.05) and nondyspeptic (0.38 +/- 0.016; p < 0.01) fundoplication patients compared to controls (0.47 +/- 0.008). In contrast, distal/total gastric volume ratios were larger in dyspeptic fundoplication patients (0.14 +/- 0.008) compared to both nondyspeptic fundoplication patients (0.11 +/- 0.007); p < 0.05) and controls (0.07 +/- 0.003); p < 0.001). Dyspeptic fundoplication patients had a higher postprandial score for fullness, nausea, and pain than nondyspeptic patients (p < 0.05) and controls (p < 0.05). Meal-induced distal gastric volume increase correlated significantly with the increase in fullness (r = 0.68; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: After a liquid meal, fundoplication patients exhibit a larger volume of the distal stomach compared with controls. Distal stomach volume was more pronounced in dyspeptic fundoplication patients and related with the increase in postprandial fullness sensations.
Authors:
R C H Scheffer; H G Gooszen; E B Wassenaar; M Samsom
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  99     ISSN:  0002-9270     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-27     Completed Date:  2004-12-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421030     Medline TA:  Am J Gastroenterol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1902-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Gastrointestinal Research Unit, Departments of Surgery and Gastroenterology, University Medical Center, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Dyspepsia / etiology*,  ultrasonography*
Female
Fundoplication / adverse effects*
Humans
Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
Male
Middle Aged
Stomach / anatomy & histology*,  ultrasonography*

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