Document Detail


Relationship between the neuroses and brief reactive psychosis: descriptive case studies in Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1389027     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Predominant psychopathology in a selected population group--adolescents and young adults at school--in a developing country, is described. The highly selective referral to services was supplemented by active case finding in the community over three years. There were 54 cases of somaticised anxiety (brain fag); 22 cases of depressive neurosis characterised by hypochondriasis, cognitive complaints, and culturally determined paranoid ideation; 23 cases of 'hysteria' in the form of dissociative states, pseudoseizures and fugues; and 39 cases of brief reactive psychosis which differed from the dissociative states more in duration and intensity than in form. There was a temporal relationship between transient psychosis and the school calendar. Anxiety or depression often predated the florid psychotic reaction which served as a form of help-seeking behaviour or defence in intolerable stress.
Authors:
E A Guinness
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of psychiatry. Supplement     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0960-5371     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Psychiatry Suppl     Publication Date:  1992 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-11-23     Completed Date:  1992-11-23     Revised Date:  2008-02-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9001294     Medline TA:  Br J Psychiatry Suppl     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  12-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depressive Disorder / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  psychology
Developing Countries*
Female
Humans
Hysteria / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  psychology
Incidence
Male
Neurotic Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  psychology
Panic Disorder / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  psychology
Psychotic Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  psychology
Seasons
Social Change*
Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  psychology
Swaziland / epidemiology
Urbanization*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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