Document Detail


Relationship between morphologic somatotypes and standing posture equilibrium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11726039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous studies have identified height and weight as important factors affecting quiet standing stability but studies have not addressed body morphology as a global factor. Using anthropometric measurements, the morphologic somatotypes were defined in terms of body composition and structure. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that morphologic somatotypes were related to standing posture equilibrium in able-bodied girls. A total of 43 able-bodied girls having a mean age of 13.8 +/- 2.2 years participated in this study. Somatotype measurements were taken to determine their endomorphic, mesomorphic or ectomorphic components. Then, subjects were asked to stand still on a force platform for 64 s with their eyes opened, feet about 23 cm apart and arms aligned with the trunk. Afterwards, subjects were grouped based on the highest value of their somatotype component. There was no statistical difference in age, height and weight among the groups. The surface area of an ellipse delineated by the displacement of the centre of pressure (COP) was statistically larger (236.9 +/- 134.3 mm2) for the ectomorphs than for the endomorphs 137.7 +/- 71.4 mm2). The minor axis was longer (8.1 +/- 2.9 mm) for the ectomorphs than for the endomorphs (5.7 +/- 2.2 mm). The decrease in standing posture stability of the ectomorphic group was attributed to a relatively low muscle component, a high height weight ratio and an elevated position of the body centre of mass in this population of girls. Somatotypes should be considered when assessing standing posture in both able-bodied subjects and patients.
Authors:
P Allard; M L Nault; S Hinse; R LeBlanc; H Labelle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of human biology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0301-4460     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Hum. Biol.     Publication Date:    2001 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-29     Completed Date:  2002-04-02     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404024     Medline TA:  Ann Hum Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  624-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology, University of Montreal, PQ, Canada. allard-p@ere.umontreal.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Body Height
Female
Humans
Postural Balance
Posture*
Skinfold Thickness
Somatotypes / physiology*

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