Document Detail


Relationship between food insecurity and body composition in Ugandans living in urban Kampala.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17964319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this pilot study was to document the association between food insecurity and body composition among men and women from urban Kampala (Uganda, East Africa) with an emphasis on the potential discrepancy between the sexes. A convenience sample of 60 food secure subjects (30 males and 30 females) and 60 food insecure subjects (30 males and 30 females) matched by age between sexes and categories were tested at home by trained research assistants. To categorize the subjects as food secure or food insecure, the Radimer/Cornell Hunger and Food Insecurity instrument was used. The percentage of overweight/obesity was 31.2% and 66.3% for food insecure men and women, respectively. Only food insecure women were significantly more likely to be overweight (ie, body mass index > or = 25; crude odds ratio=2.3, confidence interval: 1.2 to 3.4) or to have at-risk waist circumference (ie, waist circumference > or = 88 cm; crude odds ratio=2.3, confidence interval: 1.2 to 3.7) compared to their food-secure counterparts. However, after adjusting for potentially confounding effects of several environmental factors, the risk for food insecure women to be overweight or to have at-risk waist circumference was not significant, suggesting that the potential impact of food insecurity is partly expressed via variations of these factors.
Authors:
Jean-Philippe Chaput; Jo-Anne Gilbert; Angelo Tremblay
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  107     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-29     Completed Date:  2007-12-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1978-82     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Composition / physiology*
Body Mass Index
Case-Control Studies
Confidence Intervals
Female
Food Supply / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Male
Malnutrition / epidemiology*,  etiology
Middle Aged
Obesity / epidemiology*,  etiology
Odds Ratio
Pilot Projects
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Uganda
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data
Waist-Hip Ratio

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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