Document Detail

Relationship between fetal monitoring and resuscitative needs: fetal distress versus routine cesarean deliveries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10785885     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: There is debate as to whether pediatricians should be present at all cesarean deliveries. Little published data exist regarding the differences in resuscitative needs of infants delivered by cesarean section for "fetal distress" versus those without this diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To describe the differences in resuscitative and immediate postnatal intervention needs for neonates with fetal distress delivered by cesarean section and those without fetal distress delivered in the same manner. Also, to devise an evaluation tool to assess and compare levels of neonatal resuscitation between infants and groups of infants. METHODS: The delivery records of 1411 term infants delivered by cesarean section after uncomplicated pregnancies at Los Angeles County/University of Southern California Medical Center from March 3, 1995 through March 8, 1997 were examined retrospectively. Apgar scores and resuscitative needs were assigned to a newly devised, weighted scoring system. Resuscitation subscores and total resuscitation scores were compared using non-parametric methods. RESULTS: The fetal distress group (n = 80) had a significantly greater resuscitative needs mean score (p < 0.001) and subscores (p < 0.001 to p = 0.004) than did the non-fetal distress group (n = 419). Of the non-fetal distress group, 48.7% still received some active form of intervention. CONCLUSION: In our study group, infants with fetal distress had significantly greater intervention needs than infants without fetal distress.
R Posen; P Friedlich; L Chan; D Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0743-8346     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinatol     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-09     Completed Date:  2000-06-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501884     Medline TA:  J Perinatol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cesarean Section*
Fetal Distress / therapy*
Fetal Monitoring*
Infant, Newborn
Physician's Role
Resuscitation / statistics & numerical data*
Retrospective Studies
Statistics, Nonparametric

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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