Document Detail


Relationship between the fetal biophysical profile score, umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry, and fetal blood acid-base status determined by cordocentesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8267067     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Fetal hypoxia-acidosis is part of the terminal pathway leading to intrauterine fetal death. A central premise of antepartum surveillance is that identification and timely delivery of the hypoxic or acidotic fetus will prevent intrauterine death and decrease long-term neurologic damage. The optimal method to identify fetal hypoxia-acidosis has not been determined. We attempted to compare the performance of the biophysical profile score and umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry in the identification of fetal acidemia, hypoxemia, and hypercarbia as determined by pH and gas analysis of fetal blood obtained by cordocentesis. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal biophysical profile and umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry studies were performed before cordocentesis in 24 patients (26 to 40 weeks). Umbilical vein pH and blood gas values were determined in all cases. The pulsatility index of the umbilical artery was obtained with pulsed Doppler equipment. Receiver-operator characteristic curve analysis and stepwise multiple logistic regression were performed to examine the relationship between biophysical profile score, umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry, and acid-base status. RESULTS: The prevalence of fetal acidemia (pH 2 SD below the mean for gestational age) was 41.7% (10/24). There was a significant relationship between the change in umbilical artery pulsatility index and fetal acidemia (chi 2 = 26.6, p < 0.001) and hypercarbia (chi 2 = 22.9, p < 0.001), but not hypoxemia (chi 2 = 1.0, p > 0.1), and between the biophysical profile score and fetal acidemia (chi 2 = 11.1, p < 0.001) and hypercarbia (chi 2 = 9.0, p < 0.005), but not hypoxemia (chi 2 = 2.3, p > 0.1). Stepwise multiple logistic regression demonstrated that umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry was a better explanatory variable for acidemia and hypercarbia than the biophysical profile score. CONCLUSION: A strong relationship between the degree of fetal acidemia and hypercarbia and the results of umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry and biophysical profile was found. However, umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry was a better explanatory variable for these outcome than the biophysical profile score.
Authors:
B H Yoon; R Romero; C R Roh; S H Kim; J W Ager; H C Syn; D Cotton; S W Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  169     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1993 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-01-24     Completed Date:  1994-01-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1586-94     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acid-Base Equilibrium
Anoxia / diagnosis
Blood Flow Velocity
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Cordocentesis*
Female
Fetal Blood / chemistry*
Fetal Diseases / diagnosis
Fetal Heart / ultrasonography
Fetus / physiology*
Humans
Logistic Models
Oxygen / blood
Pregnancy
Pulsatile Flow
Ultrasonography, Prenatal
Umbilical Arteries / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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