Document Detail

Relationship between diet composition and body fatness, with adjustment for resting energy expenditure and physical activity, in preadolescent children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8317384     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We examined the relationship between diet composition and body fatness in 48 children (25 girls, 23 boys) aged 9-11 y. Subjects were identified for two study groups, non-obese [triceps skinfold (TSF) thickness < 85th percentile] and obese (TSF thickness > or = 85th percentile). Measures for dietary intake, physical activity, resting energy expenditure (REE), and body composition were obtained by three 24-h dietary and activity recalls; indirect calorimetry; and anthropometrics, respectively. Percentage of body fat correlated positively with intakes of total (P < 0.0001), saturated (P < 0.01), monounsaturated (P < 0.0001), and polyunsaturated (P < 0.01) fatty acids, and negatively with carbohydrate intake (P < 0.001) and total energy intake adjusted for body weight (P < 0.001). After adjustment for study group, energy intake, REE, and physical activity, the associations remained for total, saturated, and monounsaturated fatty acid and carbohydrate intakes. These data suggest that diet composition, independent of total energy intake, REE, and physical activity may contribute to childhood obesity.
J M Gazzaniga; T L Burns
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1993 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-07-29     Completed Date:  1993-07-29     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  21-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City.
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue*
Body Composition*
Energy Metabolism*
Obesity / metabolism
Physical Exertion*
Grant Support

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