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Relationship between cerebrovascular dysautoregulation and arterial blood pressure in the premature infant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21372795     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective:To evaluate cerebrovascular autoregulation as a function of arterial blood pressure (ABP) in the critically ill, premature infant.Study Design:A prospective observational pilot study was conducted in two tertiary care Neonatal Intensive-Care Units. Premature infants (n=23, 30 weeks estimated gestational age with invasive ABP monitoring) were enrolled and received routine care while undergoing continuous autoregulation monitoring, using the cerebral oximetry index (COx). The COx is a moving, linear correlation coefficient between cortical reflectance oximetry and ABP. COx values were stratified as a function of ABP for individual subject recordings and for the cohort.Result:The mean duration of autoregulation monitoring was 3.2 days (median: 2.97, range: 0.61-3.99). A total of 10 of 23 (43%) developed intraventricular hemorrhage and 1 of 23 (4%) developed periventricular leukomalacia by head ultrasound. No association was found between neurologic injury and percentage of the monitoring periods with autoregulation impairment (defined as COx>0.5). Lower ABP was associated with dysautoregulation (higher COx values, P<0.01). The percentage of time with impaired autoregulation was greater with lower ABP (P=0.013, Spearman r=0.51).Conclusion:All infants studied had periods with intact and periods with impaired cerebrovascular autoregulation, measured with the COx. Low ABP was associated with impaired autoregulation.Journal of Perinatology advance online publication, 3 March 2011; doi:10.1038/jp.2011.17.
Authors:
M M Gilmore; B S Stone; J A Shepard; M Czosnyka; R B Easley; K M Brady
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5543     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501884     Medline TA:  J Perinatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
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