Document Detail

Relationship between age, percentage body fat, fitness, and 24-hour growth hormone release in healthy young adults: effects of gender.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8126124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We investigated whether gender affects the physiological relationships between the release of GH and age, body composition, and levels of physical fitness in humans. We studied 32 eumenorrheic females (age = 31 +/- 5 yr) and 12 males (age = 27 +/- 5 yr). Significant gender differences were found for peak oxygen consumption [VO2 peak = 40.5 +/- 6.9 (females) vs. 50.1 +/- 11.6 (males) ml/kg.min-1, P < 0.05] and body composition [hydrostatic weighing, percentage body fat = 28.7 +/- 5.4 (females) vs. 18.1 +/- 9.8 (males), P < 0.05] but not for body mass index [BMI = 23.7 +/- 3.1 (females) vs. 24.0 +/- 3.3 (males)]. Blood samples were drawn every 10 min for 24 h from 0800 h to determine integrated serum GH concentration [2350 +/- 1260 (females) vs. 3110 +/- 1760 (males) microgram/L x min]; females were studied during the early follicular phase (days 4-5) of the menstrual cycle. In females, a significant relationship existed between 24-h integrated serum GH concentration and age (r = -0.35, P = 0.05) but not BMI (r = -0.19, P = 0.29); the relationship between 24-h integrated serum GH concentration and VO2 peak (r = 0.31, P = 0.08) and percentage body fat (r = 0.29, P = 0.11) approached significance. In males, significant relationships existed between 24-h integrated serum GH concentration and age (r = -0.79, P = 0.002), percentage body fat (r = -0.75, P = 0.005), and VO2 peak (r = 0.58, P = 0.05) but not between 24-h integrated serum GH concentration and BMI (r = -0.53, P = 0.08). Standardized regression coefficients revealed that for each SD change in age, BMI, percentage body fat, or VO2 peak the associated change in 24-h integrated serum GH concentration was 1.9-2.6 times greater in males than in females. We conclude that age, percentage body fat (but not BMI), and fitness are related to 24-h GH release in young adults and that these relationships are considerably stronger in males than females.
A Weltman; J Y Weltman; M L Hartman; R D Abbott; A D Rogol; W S Evans; J D Veldhuis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0021-972X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  1994 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-04-12     Completed Date:  1994-04-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375362     Medline TA:  J Clin Endocrinol Metab     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  543-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22903.
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology
Aging / metabolism*
Body Composition*
Body Mass Index
Circadian Rhythm*
Growth Hormone / metabolism*
Physical Fitness*
Reference Values
Sex Characteristics*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
9002-72-6/Growth Hormone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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