Document Detail


Relationship between Urinary Tract Infection Categorization and Pathogens' Antimicrobial Susceptibilities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22237308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can be hard to treat and treatment plans need to include accurate categorization such as uncomplicated or complicated UTI, or catheterized or uncatheterized UTI. We investigated the antibiotic susceptibilities of representative uropathogens in UTI categories. Methods: We isolated uropathogens and analyzed their antimicrobial susceptibilities according to UTI categorization such as: (1) urology outpatients, urology inpatients, or other department inpatients; (2) uncomplicated or complicated UTIs; (3) upper or lower UTIs, and (4) non-catheterized or catheterized UTIs. Results:Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were representative uropathogens. Susceptibilities to levofloxacin (LVFX) in E. coli in urology outpatients (p = 0.0179), those to ceftadizime in E. coli in other department inpatients (p = 0.0327), and those to LVFX in E. faecalis in complicated UTI (p = 0.0137) significantly decreased in these 3 years compared with the previous 3 years. Susceptibilities of upper UTI to LVFX in E. coli were significantly lower in the recent 4 years compared to lower UTI (p = 0.0452) and those of catheterized UTI to LVFX in E. faecalis were significantly lower than in non-catheterized UTI (p = 0.0153). Conclusions: Data demonstrated different tendencies of uropathogens' antibiotic susceptibilities according to UTI categorizations and they could be useful for planning UTI treatments.
Authors:
Fukashi Yamamichi; Katsumi Shigemura; Minori Matsumoto; Yuzo Nakano; Kazushi Tanaka; Soichi Arakawa; Masato Fujisawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Urologia internationalis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1423-0399     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417373     Medline TA:  Urol Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Division of Urology, Department of Organs Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.
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