Document Detail


Relationship between the Somatic Cell Count in Milk and Reproductive Function in Peripartum Dairy Cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25196356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of the somatic cell count (SCC) in milk on reproductive performance, such as pregnancy status in the prepartum period and ovarian function in the postpartum period, in dairy cows. Blood samples were collected every week from one month prepartum to parturition in order to measure the concentrations of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF2α (PGFM), estrone sulfate (E1S) and progesterone. Milk samples were collected three times per week in both the prepartum (for one month before the dry period) and postpartum periods (for 3 months immediately after parturition) to measure the SCC. Progesterone was also determined in the whole milk of postpartum cows to define the day of the first ovulation. In the prepartum period, the maximum SCC negatively correlated with the pregnancy period (r = -0.77), but not the calf birth weight. Positive and negative correlations were observed between the average SCC and PGFM or progesterone concentrations in plasma, respectively (r = 0.84 or -0.92, respectively), at 39 weeks of pregnancy. In the postpartum period, a correlation was observed between the day of the first ovulation and both the average and maximum SCC (r = -0.74 and -0.75, respectively), whereas days open was not related to the SCC. These results suggest that a high SCC in the prepartum period may advance parturition by increasing PGF2α and decreasing progesterone and that the first ovulation in the postpartum period was delayed by a high SCC.
Authors:
Naoki Isobe; Chihiro Iwamoto; Hirokazu Kubota; Yukinori Yoshimura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of reproduction and development     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4400     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Reprod. Dev.     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9438792     Medline TA:  J Reprod Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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