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Relationship between Resource Utilization and Length of Stay Following Tetralogy of Fallot Repair.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23241434     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The relationship between resource utilization and postoperative length of stay (PLOS) following congenital heart disease surgery is unknown. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from the Pediatric Health Information Systems database. We included subjects 1 month to 1 year of age with a PLOS of ≤1 month following elective, complete repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) during 2004-2008 at children's hospitals that performed ≥10 such surgeries during the study period. We constructed three generalized linear models to assess the relationships of total costs, laboratory costs, and imaging costs during the first three postoperative days with overall PLOS. Race/ethnicity, insurance type, sex, and presence of a genetic syndrome (by ICD-9 codes) were included in the models as fixed effects; hospital of surgery was included as a random effect. RESULTS: For 1161 eligible surgical encounters at 36 children's hospitals, mean PLOS was 7.1 days (median = 6 days). Mean total, laboratory, and imaging costs for the first three postoperative days were $26 455, $2941, and $813, respectively. Most subjects were male (58.9%), did not have a genetic syndrome (88.3%), were non-Hispanic white (58.3%), and had either public or private insurance (41.0% and 39.1%, respectively). An estimated increase in total costs of $4600 or laboratory costs of $700 in the first three postoperative days was associated with a 1-day increase in PLOS. Imaging costs were not associated with PLOS. CONCLUSIONS: Increased resource utilization is not associated with a shorter PLOS following elective TOF repair, and it may be associated with longer PLOS.
Matthew E Oster; April L Dawson; Cara M Batenhorst; Matthew J Strickland; David G Kleinbaum; William T Mahle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Congenital heart disease     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1747-0803     ISO Abbreviation:  Congenit Heart Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256510     Medline TA:  Congenit Heart Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Ga, USA; Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga, USA.
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