Document Detail


Relationship between PTSD symptomatology and nicotine dependence severity in crime victims.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18442884     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Smoking rates are higher and cessation rates are lower among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to the general population, thus understanding the relationship between PTSD and nicotine dependence is important. In a sample of 213 participants with a crime-related trauma (109 with PTSD), the relationship between PTSD status, smoking status (smoker vs. non-smoker), substance abuse diagnosis (SUD), PTSD symptoms, and sex was assessed. SUD diagnosis was significantly related to smoking status, but PTSD symptomatology and sex were not. Among smokers (n=117), increased nicotine dependence severity was associated with being male and with increased level of PTSD avoidance symptoms. Correlations indicated that PTSD avoidance and hyperarousal symptom clusters and total PTSD symptom scores were significantly related to nicotine dependence severity in males, while PTSD symptomatology in general did not correlate with dependence severity for females. The results suggest that level of PTSD symptomatology, particularly avoidance symptoms, may be important targets for smoking cessation treatment among male smokers who have experienced a traumatic event.
Authors:
Joseph S Baschnagel; Scott F Coffey; Julie A Schumacher; David J Drobes; Michael E Saladin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2008-04-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1873-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-08     Completed Date:  2009-03-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1441-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The University at Mississippi Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, 2500 North State St. Jackson, MS 39216, USA. jbaschnagel@psychiatry.umsmed.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Crime Victims / psychology*
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Female
Humans
Life Change Events
Male
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Factors
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology,  psychology*
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology,  psychology
Tobacco Use Disorder / epidemiology,  psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA10595/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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