Document Detail

Relationship between Near Infrared Spectroscopy and Intra-compartmental Pressures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22921857     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been suggested as a possible means for detecting perfusion deficits in patients with acute compartment syndrome (ACS). STUDY OBJECTIVES: To longitudinally examine NIRS in an ACS model to determine its responsiveness to decreasing perfusion pressure. METHODS: A NIRS sensor pad was placed under a tourniquet over the anterior compartment in the mid-tibia region on 20 volunteers. Initial perfusion pressures and NIRS values were recorded. The tourniquet pressure was sequentially raised by 10 mm Hg in 10-min intervals until systolic pressure was surpassed. NIRS values and perfusion pressure were determined at the end of each 10-min interval. RESULTS: There was no change in mean NIRS values from the initial baseline until 30 mm Hg of perfusion pressure was reached. Additionally, a statistically significant drop in mean NIRS values was observed as perfusion pressures dropped from 10 mm Hg to 0 mm Hg, and again with subsequent decreases of 10 mm Hg perfusion pressure until systolic pressure was surpassed. CONCLUSIONS: These results coincide with previously published studies using alternative methods of measuring blood flow or perfusion. NIRS values were responsive to decreasing perfusion pressures over a longitudinal period of time in an ACS model. These results suggest that NIRS may be useful for continuous, non-invasive monitoring of patients for whom ACS is a concern. Additional studies on traumatized patients are required.
William M Reisman; Michael S Shuler; Tracy L Kinsey; Ashley L Cole; Thomas E Whitesides; Maria G Davila; Emily K Smith; Thomas J Moore
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0736-4679     ISO Abbreviation:  J Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412174     Medline TA:  J Emerg Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.
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