Document Detail


Relationship between Kyphosis and Barrett's Esophagus in Japanese Patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22082882     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background Kyphosis is a risk factor for the presence of hiatal hernia, which is a strong predictor of Barrett's esophagus. However, the association between kyphosis and Barrett's esophagus has not yet been clarified. To investigate this relationship, the Cobb angle, a marker of kyphosis, was measured in patients with and without Barrett's esophagus. Methods From January 2006 to December 2010, 26 patients with long-segment Barrett's esophagus (LSBE) were retrospectively enrolled. As the comparative groups, 100 consecutive patients with short-segment Barrett's esophagus (SSBE) and 100 consecutive control patients without Barrett's esophagus were also enrolled in this study. Cobb angles were measured on lateral chest radiographs, and kyphosis was defined as a Cobb angle of greater than 50°. Kyphosis, along with other patient characteristics, were evaluated as possible predictors for SSBE and LSBE. Results The mean Cobb angles in the non-BE, SSBE, and LSBE groups were 31.6° (95% CIs, 29.3°-33.9°), 34.8° (32.1°-37.4°) and 49.4° (44.9°-53.9°), respectively. Statistically significant differences were found between the LSBE and the other 2 groups (p<0.001). The mean Cobb angles were 33.3°±12.4° and 37.0°±14.1°, respectively in patients without and with hiatal hernia (p=0.039). Predictors for Barrett's esophagus of any length were erosive esophagitis and hiatal hernia. Kyphosis had the highest odds ratio for the presence of LSBE (OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.05-1.94; p=0.033). Other predictors were hiatal hernia and the absence of Helicobacter pylori infection. Conclusion Kyphosis is a risk factor for the presence of LSBE in Japanese patients.
Authors:
Goichi Uno; Yuji Amano; Takafumi Yuki; Akihiko Oka; Norihisa Ishimura; Shunji Ishihara; Yoshikazu Kinoshita
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1349-7235     ISO Abbreviation:  Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204241     Medline TA:  Intern Med     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2725-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Endoscopy, Shimane University Hospital, Japan.
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