Document Detail


The Relationship between Aortic Stiffness and Left Ventricular Dyssynchrony in Hypertensive Patients with Preserved Left Ventricular Systolic Function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22471755     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony is often seen in patients with hypertension, even without heart failure. Arterial stiffness is well accepted as an important factor of increasing blood pressure and influencing ventricular function. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between aortic stiffness and LV dyssynchrony in hypertensive patients with preserved LV systolic function. Eighty hypertensive patients with preserved LV systolic function (LV ejection fraction > 50%) and 30 controls were studied. The LV systolic and diastolic dyssynchrony indices were determined as the standard deviation of the time interval from onset of the QRS complex to peak myocardial systolic velocity (Ts-SD) and to early diastolic velocity (Te-SD) and the maximal differences in Ts (Ts-Max) and Te (Te-Max) in 12 LV segments. Aortic stiffness index was calculated from aortic diameters in the systolic and diastolic phases, as measured by echocardiography and blood pressure. No relationship was observed between LV systolic and diastolic dyssynchrony indices (r = 0.057, P = .61). In simple regression, aortic stiffness parameter was related to left ventricular mass index (LVMI), E/A ratio, and LV diastolic dyssynchrony index. But using multiple linear regression, Te-Max remained as a single variable related to aortic strain and aortic stiffness index (r = -0.271, P = .008 and r = 0.269, P = .008). LVMI was related to aortic distensibility using multiple linear regression (r = -0.239, P = .02). Aortic stiffness index was related to LV diastolic dyssynchrony index and LVMI. These findings suggest that LV diastolic dyssynchronous changes may be caused by increased LV mass and arterial stiffness.
Authors:
Mi-Na Kim; Seong-Mi Park; Wan-Joo Shim; Yong-Hyun Kim; Su-A Kim; Dong-Hyuk Cho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-6006     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305929     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Hypertens     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Korea University Cardiovascular Center, Korea University Anam Hospital , Seoul , Republic of Korea.
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