Document Detail

Relationship of exercise to quality of life in cancer patients beginning chemotherapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21330097     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
CONTEXT: Cancer diagnosis and treatment, particularly chemotherapy, has well-established adverse effects on individuals. Exercise has been found to confer benefits to patients, although the current evidence base is limited primarily to patients assessed during or after treatment. Although exercise has been a target of intervention efforts, its relationship to quality of life in patients about to begin chemotherapy has not fully been examined.
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship of pre-treatment exercise rates to patient's quality of life.
METHODS: One hundred ninety-two adults diagnosed with Stages I-IV cancer and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤ 2, provided data on exercise, distress (anxiety and depression), and health-related quality of life prior to their initial chemotherapy infusion.
RESULTS: As predicted, higher rates of exercise activity were associated with lower levels of anxiety and depression, and better overall mental and physical quality of life. These relationships were independent of demographic variables (i.e., body mass index and age) also associated with quality of life in the present analyses.
CONCLUSION: These findings further highlight the importance of assessing exercise before the start of chemotherapy as part of broader efforts to link patients to appropriate interventions aimed at enhancing quality of life. Findings also raise the possibility that assessing exercise rates could be useful in matching patients to the type of intervention most likely to benefit them. Future research should use prospective longitudinal designs to further explore this association.
Leigh Anne Faul; Heather S Jim; Susan Minton; Mayer Fishman; Tawee Tanvetyanon; Paul B Jacobsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-02-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pain and symptom management     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1873-6513     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pain Symptom Manage     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-06     Completed Date:  2011-09-28     Revised Date:  2013-10-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8605836     Medline TA:  J Pain Symptom Manage     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  859-69     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Georgetown University and Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
Combined Modality Therapy / statistics & numerical data
Exercise Therapy / statistics & numerical data*
Middle Aged
Neoplasms / epidemiology*,  therapy*
Quality of Life*
Statistics as Topic
Treatment Outcome
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support
P30 CA076292/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R25 CA090314/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antineoplastic Agents

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