Document Detail


Relationship between strength, power, speed, and change of direction performance of female softball players.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20300038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate (a) the cross-sectional relationship of strength, power, and performance variables in trained female athletes and (b) determine if the relationship between these variables changes over the course of a season. Ten female softball players (age = 18.1 +/- 1.6 years, height = 166.5 +/- 8.9 cm, and weight = 72.4 +/- 10.8 kg) from a state Australian Institute of Sport softball team were tested for maximal lower body strength (one repetition maximum [1RM]), peak force (PF), peak velocity (PV), and peak power (PP) during jump squats unloaded and loaded, unloaded countermovement vertical jump height (VJH) 1 base and 2 base sprint performance and change of direction performance on dominant and nondominant sides. The testing sessions occurred pre, mid, and post a 20-week training period. Relationship between body weight (BW), relative strength (1RM/BW), VJH, relative PP, relative PF, PV, speed, and change of direction variables were assessed by Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient at each testing session. Significant relationships were found across all time points with BW, speed, and change of direction measures (r = 0.70-0.93) and relative strength and measures of speed and change of direction ability (r = -0.73-0.85). There were no significant relationships between VJH and any measure of performance at any time point. In conclusion, BW and relative strength have strong to very strong correlations with speed and change of direction ability, and these correlations remain consistent over the course of the season. However, it seems as if many relationships vary with time, and their relationships should therefore be investigated longitudinally to better determine if these cross-sectional relationships truly reflect a deterministic relationship.
Authors:
Sophia Nimphius; Michael R McGuigan; Robert U Newton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-08     Completed Date:  2010-07-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  885-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia. Nimphius, s.nimphius@ecu.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acceleration*
Adolescent
Anthropometry
Athletic Performance / physiology*
Australia
Baseball / physiology*
Biomechanics
Female
Humans
Movement / physiology
Muscle Fatigue / physiology
Muscle Strength / physiology*
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Physical Exertion
Probability
Psychomotor Performance
Resistance Training
Sampling Studies
Task Performance and Analysis
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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