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Relations between malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis and volume status. The usefulness of bioimpedance analysis in peritoneal dialysis patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20921295     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background. Chronic fluid overload (FO) is frequently present in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and is associated with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy and dysfunction, which are important predictors of death in dialysis patients. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between nutrition, inflammation, atherosclerosis and body fluid volumes measured by multi-frequency bioimpedance analysis (m-BIA) in PD patients. In addition, we analysed the relationship of extracellular volume values by m-BIA to echocardiographic parameters in order to define its usefulness as a measure of FO. Methods. Ninety-five prevalent PD patients (mean age 50 ± 13 years, 10 of them diabetic) were enrolled. Extracellular water (ECW), total body water (TBW), dry lean mass (DLM) and phase angle (PA) were measured by m-BIA. Volume status was determined by measuring left atrium diameter (LAD) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD). Measurement of carotid artery intima-media thickness (CA-IMT) was used to assess the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis. Serum albumin was used as a nutritional marker, and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was used as an inflammatory marker. Results. Mean ECW/height was 10.0 ± 1.0 L/m for whole group and 9.3 ± 0.6 L/m in patients with normal clinical hydration parameters. In correlation analysis, markers of nutrition, inflammation and atherosclerosis correlated well with m-BIA parameters. When we used echographically measured LAD (> 40 mm) or LVEDD (> 55 mm) as a confirmatory parameter, a cut-off value of 10.48 L/m ECW/height (78% specificity, with a sensitivity of 77% for LAD and 72% specificity, with a sensitivity of 70% for LVEDD) was found in ROC analysis for the diagnosis of FO. Patients with FO were older and had higher systolic blood pressure, cardiothoracic index, serum CRP level and mean CA-IMT than patients without FO. Patients with inflammation had higher CA-IMT values. In multivariate analysis, only two factors-low urine output and ECW/height-were independently associated with the presence of inflammation. Conclusions. FO defined by m-BIA is significantly correlated with markers of malnutrition, inflammation and atherosclerosis in PD patients. The indices obtained from m-BIA, especially ECW/height, correlated well with volume overload as assessed by echocardiography and might be a measure worth testing in a properly designed clinical study.
Authors:
Meltem Sezis Demirci; Cenk Demirci; Oner Ozdogan; Fatih Kircelli; Fehmi Akcicek; Ali Basci; Ercan Ok; Mehmet Ozkahya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1460-2385     ISO Abbreviation:  Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706402     Medline TA:  Nephrol Dial Transplant     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1708-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Correspondence and offprint requests to: Meltem Sezis Demirci; E-mail: meltem.sezis@ege.edu.tr.
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