Document Detail

Relation of bone mineral density and content to mineral content and density of the fat-free mass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11641358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Differences in the mineral fraction of the fat-free mass (M(FFM)) and in the density of the FFM (D(FFM)) are often inferred from measures of bone mineral content (BMC) or bone mineral density (BMD). We studied the relation of BMC and BMD to the M(FFM) and D(FFM) in a heterogeneous sample of 216 young men (n = 115) and women (n = 101), which included whites (n = 155) and blacks (n = 61) and collegiate athletes ( n = 132) and nonathletes (n = 84). Whole body BMC and BMD were determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA; Hologic QDR-1000W, enhanced whole body analysis software, version 5.71). FFM was estimated using a four-component model from measures of body density by hydrostatic weighing, body water by deuterium dilution, and bone mineral by DXA. There was no significant relation of BMD to M(FFM) (r = 0.01) or D(FFM) (r = -0.06) or of BMC to M(FFM) (r = -0.11) and a significant, weak negative relation of BMC to D(FFM) (r = -0.14, P = 0.04) in all subjects. Significant low to moderate relationships of BMD or BMC to M(FFM) or D(FFM) were found within some gender-race-athletic status subgroups or when the effects of gender, race, and athletic status were held constant using multiple regression, but BMD and BMC explained only 10-17% of the variance in M(FFM) and 0-2% of the variance in D(FFM) in addition to that explained by the demographic variables. We conclude that there is not a significant positive relation of BMD and BMC to M(FFM) or D(FFM) in young adults and that BMC and BMD should not be used to infer differences in M(FFM) or D(FFM).
E M Evans; B M Prior; S A Arngrimsson; C M Modlesky; K J Cureton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  91     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2001 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-19     Completed Date:  2002-01-03     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2166-72     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Exercise Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602-6554, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Absorptiometry, Photon
Body Composition / physiology*
Body Water / physiology
Bone Density / physiology*
Bone and Bones / chemistry,  metabolism
Continental Population Groups
Minerals / metabolism*
Physical Fitness / physiology
Sex Characteristics
Sports / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:

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