Document Detail


Relation between ventricular and myocyte remodeling with the development and regression of supraventricular tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1934334     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chronic supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) causes left ventricular (LV) dilatation and dysfunction. Termination of SVT appears to reduce LV size and improve function. However, changes in myocyte structure and morphology that accompany the development and regression of SVT-induced cardiomyopathy have not been studied. Accordingly, we measured LV function using echocardiography and catheterization in three groups of six pigs each: 3 weeks of atrial pacing (SVT; 240 beats/min), 4-week recovery from SVT (PST), and sham-operated controls. At each of these three end points, isolated myocyte dimensions and nuclear number were measured using fluorescence, and the volume percent of myocytes and myofibrils was computed from tissue sections using stereological techniques. SVT resulted in reduced LV fractional shortening (15 +/- 3% versus 31 +/- 2%, p less than 0.05), increased end-diastolic dimension (5.6 +/- 0.8 versus 3.8 +/- 0.2 cm, p less than 0.05), and no change in mass (2.6 +/- 0.1 versus 2.6 +/- 0.2 g/kg, p = NS) compared with controls. Myocyte length significantly increased with SVT (171 +/- 9 versus 109 +/- 11 microns, p less than 0.05), without significant changes in cell width (28 +/- 2 versus 26 +/- 2 microns). Nuclear number did not change with SVT; however, nuclear area/myocyte area significantly increased compared with controls (9.5 +/- 0.8 versus 8.7 +/- 0.8 x 10(-2), p less than 0.05). The volume percent of myocytes within the ventricular wall and the volume percent of myofibrils within myocytes decreased with SVT compared with controls (72 +/- 3% versus 80 +/- 3% and 45 +/- 5% versus 63 +/- 4%, respectively, p less than 0.05), with no change in total myocyte volume (54.2 +/- 2.7 versus 54.3 +/- 1.8 microns3 x 10(12)). In the PST group, LV fractional shortening returned to control values; however, there was persistent dilatation (end-diastolic dimension: 4.2 +/- 0.1 cm, p less than 0.05), and LV hypertrophy developed (3.3 +/- 0.3 g/kg, p less than 0.05). Increased myocyte length (158 +/- 5 microns, p less than 0.05) and width (33 +/- 2 microns, p less than 0.05) were observed in the PST group. The volume percent of myocytes and myofibrils returned to control values, with total myocyte volume significantly increased in the PST group compared with the control and SVT groups (74.5 +/- 2.6 microns3 x 10(12), p less than 0.05). In addition, the number of nuclei per myocyte in the PST group significantly increased from control values (5.1 +/- 0.1 versus 4.0 +/- 0.1, p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Authors:
F G Spinale; J L Zellner; M Tomita; F A Crawford; M R Zile
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation research     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0009-7330     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. Res.     Publication Date:  1991 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-11-29     Completed Date:  1991-11-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0047103     Medline TA:  Circ Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1058-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cardiomyopathies / etiology*,  pathology,  physiopathology
Heart / physiopathology*
Heart Ventricles
Myocardium / pathology*
Swine
Tachycardia, Supraventricular / complications*
Ventricular Function

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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