Document Detail

Relation between quality of recovery in hospital and quality of life at 3 months after cardiac surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11605925     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Improved quality of life (QoL) is a desirable outcome of cardiac surgery. The aim of the current study was to measure the association between quality of recovery 3 days after surgery and QoL measured 3 months later. METHODS: After obtaining ethics committee approval and consent, 120 adult cardiac surgical patients were studied. A 40-item quality of recovery score (QoR-40) was used to measure postoperative health status on days 1-3 and 1 month after surgery. QoL was measured using the short-form health survey (SF-36) at 1 and 3 months after surgery. The effect size (delta mean/SD) was used to define responsiveness, a clinically important difference in health. Associations were measured using correlation and reliability coefficients. RESULTS: There was a significant change in the mean QoR-40 for up to 1 month after surgery (P < 0.0005). QoL was improved at 3 months (P < 0.0005) but not 1 month (P = 0.29) after surgery. There was a moderate correlation between day-3 QoR-40 and 3-month SF-36 (r = 0.39; P < 0.0005). A poor-quality recovery in hospital predicted a poor QoL at 3 months (adjusted odds ratio, 4.20; 95% confidence interval, 1.41-12.5; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The QoR-40 is a valid measure of quality of recovery after surgery and anesthesia. When compared with the SF-36, it is a better measure of early postoperative recovery. A poor-quality recovery on the days after surgery can predict a poor QoL at 3 months after surgery. This may allow earlier and more effective support strategies while patients are still in the hospital (counseling, home assistance, local doctor notification, cardiac rehabilitation).
P S Myles; J O Hunt; H Fletcher; R Solly; D Woodward; S Kelly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesiology     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0003-3022     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesthesiology     Publication Date:  2001 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-18     Completed Date:  2001-11-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1300217     Medline TA:  Anesthesiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  862-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Alfred Hospital, and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia Recovery Period
Cardiac Surgical Procedures / psychology*
Health Status Indicators
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications / psychology
Postoperative Period
Quality of Life / psychology*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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