Document Detail


Relation between postprandial satiation and antral area in normal subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9209180     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The factors influencing appetite in humans are poorly understood. There is a weak relation between appetite and gastric emptying in normal subjects. Recent studies have shown that fasting and postprandial antral areas increase in patients with functional dyspepsia compared with normal subjects. We evaluated the hypothesis that antral area, and hence antral distention, is a significant determinant of postprandial fullness. Fourteen normal subjects had simultaneous measurements of gastric emptying by scintigraphy and antral area by ultrasound after ingestion of 350 mL 20% glucose. Fullness and hunger were assessed by visual analog scales. Measurements of the gastric-emptying half time (t1/2) by scintigraphy and ultrasound were not significantly different (129.6 +/- 11.8 min compared with 115.6 +/- 11.4 min). Fullness increased (P < 0.001) and hunger decreased (P < 0.001) after the drink. Both fullness and the magnitude of the increase in fullness after the drink were related to antral area (r > 0.56, P < 0.05), the increase in antral area (r > 0.59, P < 0.05), and the scintigraphic content of the distal stomach (r > 0.57, P < 0.05), but not to the ultrasound or scintigraphic t1/2 values. In contrast, hunger and the magnitude of the decrease in hunger after the drink were not related to either antral area, the increase in antral area, or the rate of gastric emptying. We conclude that postprandial fullness, but not hunger, was closely related to antral distention in normal subjects.
Authors:
K L Jones; S M Doran; K Hveem; F D Bartholomeusz; J E Morley; W M Sun; B E Chatterton; M Horowitz
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-31     Completed Date:  1997-07-31     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  127-32     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Appetite
Female
Gastric Emptying*
Humans
Hunger*
Male
Postprandial Period / physiology*
Pyloric Antrum / anatomy & histology*,  physiology,  radionuclide imaging,  ultrasonography

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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