Document Detail

Relation between hemoglobin level and recurrent myocardial ischemia in acute coronary syndromes detected by continuous electrocardiographic monitoring.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21059430     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Anemia has been associated with adverse outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms have not been well elucidated. We sought to determine the independent relation between the hemoglobin level and recurrent ischemia in patients with non-ST-segment elevation ACS using continuous electrocardiographic monitoring. In the Integrilin and Enoxaparin Randomized Assessment of Acute Coronary Syndrome Treatment (INTERACT) trial, 746 patients presenting with non-ST-segment elevation ACS underwent continuous ST-segment monitoring for 48 hours. The data were analyzed independently at a core laboratory. We stratified the study population according to their hemoglobin level on presentation. The primary outcome of the study was recurrent ischemia, defined as ST-segment shifts on continuous electrocardiographic monitoring. Of the 705 patients with analyzable data, 64 had a baseline hemoglobin level <120 g/L, 259 had a level of 120 to 139 g/L, 315 had a level of 140 to 159 g/L, and 67 had a level >160 g/L. The corresponding rates of recurrent ischemia were 39.1%, 22.0%, 15.6%, and 11.9% (p for trend <0.001). A lower hemoglobin level was associated with advanced age, co-morbidities, and a higher GRACE risk score. In multivariable analysis adjusting for these confounders, lower hemoglobin levels retained a significant independent association with recurrent ischemia (p for trend = 0.004). In conclusion, a lower hemoglobin level at presentation was independently associated with recurrent ischemia detected by continuous electrocardiographic monitoring in the setting of non-ST-segment elevation ACS. This suggests that anemia might predispose patients to recurrent ischemia, which could be an important underlying mediator of worse outcomes in patients with lower hemoglobin levels.
Melissa Rousseau; Raymond T Yan; Mary Tan; Charles J Lefkowitz; Amparo Casanova; David Fitchett; Sanjit S Jolly; Anatoly Langer; Shaun G Goodman; Andrew T Yan;
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  106     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-09     Completed Date:  2010-12-02     Revised Date:  2011-05-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1417-22     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Cardiology, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Acute Coronary Syndrome / blood*,  complications
Electrocardiography, Ambulatory*
Hemoglobins / analysis*
Middle Aged
Myocardial Ischemia / blood*,  diagnosis*,  etiology
Prospective Studies
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Reg. No./Substance:
Comment In:
Am J Cardiol. 2011 Apr 1;107(7):1099; author reply 1099-100   [PMID:  21419890 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Usefulness of serial assessment of B-type natriuretic peptide, troponin I, and C-reactive protein to...
Next Document:  Prognostic value of a nine-minute treadmill test in patients undergoing myocardial perfusion scintig...