Document Detail

Relation between attempted suicide and suicide rates among young people in Europe.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9616425     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are associations between rates of suicide and attempted suicide in 15-24 year olds in different countries in Europe. DESIGN: Attempted suicide rates were based on data collected in centres in Europe between 1989 and 1992 as part of the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study of Parasuicide. Comparison was made with both national suicide rates and local suicide rates for the areas in which the attempted suicide monitoring centres are based. SETTING: 15 centres in 13 European countries. PATIENTS: Young people aged 15-24 years who had taken overdoses or deliberately injured themselves and been identified in health care facilities. MAIN RESULTS: There were positive correlations (Spearman rank order) between rates of attempted suicide and suicide rates in both sexes. The correlations only reached statistical significance for male subjects: regional suicide rates, r = 0.65, p < 0.02; national suicide rates, r = 0.55, p < 0.02. CONCLUSIONS: Rates of attempted suicide and suicide in the young covary. The recent increase in attempted suicide rates in young male subjects in several European countries could herald a further increase in suicide rates.
K Hawton; E Arensman; D Wasserman; A Hultén; U Bille-Brahe; T Bjerke; P Crepet; E Deisenhammer; A Kerkhof; D De Leo; K Michel; A Ostamo; A Philippe; I Querejeta; E Salander-Renberg; A Schmidtke; B Temesváry
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of epidemiology and community health     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0143-005X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Epidemiol Community Health     Publication Date:  1998 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-06-25     Completed Date:  1998-06-25     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909766     Medline TA:  J Epidemiol Community Health     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  191-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
University Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Europe / epidemiology
Sex Distribution
Statistics, Nonparametric
Suicide / statistics & numerical data*
Suicide, Attempted / statistics & numerical data

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