Document Detail

The Relation between Social Cohesion and Smoking Cessation among Black Smokers, and the Potential Role of Psychosocial Mediators.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23135831     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Social cohesion, the self-reported trust and connectedness between neighbors, may affect health behaviors via psychosocial mechanisms. PURPOSE: Relations between individual perceptions of social cohesion and smoking cessation were examined among 397 Black treatment-seeking smokers. METHODS: Continuation ratio logit models examined the relation of social cohesion and biochemically verified continuous smoking abstinence through 6 months post-quit. Indirect effects were examined in single mediator models using a nonparametric bootstrapping procedure. All analyses controlled for sociodemographics, tobacco dependence, and treatment. RESULTS: The total effect of social cohesion on continuous abstinence was non-significant (β = 0.05, p = 0.10). However, social cohesion was associated with social support, positive affect, negative affect, and stress, which, in turn, were each associated with abstinence in adjusted models (ps < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that social cohesion may facilitate smoking cessation among Black smokers through desirable effects on psychosocial mechanisms that can result from living in a community with strong interpersonal connections.
Lorraine R Reitzel; Darla E Kendzor; Yessenia Castro; Yumei Cao; Micheal S Businelle; Carlos A Mazas; Ludmila Cofta-Woerpel; Yisheng Li; Paul M Cinciripini; Jasjit S Ahluwalia; David W Wetter
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-4796     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Behav Med     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510246     Medline TA:  Ann Behav Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Health Disparities Research, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Unit 1440, P.O. Box 301402, Houston, TX, 77230, USA,
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