Document Detail

Relation of Ventricular Ectopic Complexes to QTc Interval on Ambulatory Electrocardiograms in Williams Syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22459308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Williams syndrome (WS) is a congenital, developmental disorder affecting 1 in 8,000 live births. The corrected QT (QTc) interval is prolonged in 13% of patients with WS. No data exist characterizing the ambulatory electrocardiographic findings in WS. A retrospective review of all patients with WS evaluated at our institution from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2007 was performed. Patients with ≥1 ambulatory electrocardiogram (AECG) with sinus rhythm and measurable intervals were included. QTc measurements were made at the minimum and maximum heart rate. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of ventricular ectopic complexes with QTc measurements. A statistical probability of p <0.05 was considered significant. Of 270 patients identified, 32 had AECGs available for review. Complete data were available for 56 AECGs from 26 patients (15 female; 58%). Their mean age was 15.6 ± 7.2 years at the initial AECG and 20.6 ± 8.6 years for all AECGs. The QTc interval increased with increasing heart rate. Ventricular premature complexes occurred in 40 (73%) of 56 AECGs and 21 (81%) of 26 patients. Ventricular tachycardia occurred in 5 (9%) of 56 AECGs and 4 (15%) of 26 patients. The mean length of ventricular tachycardia was 3.6 ± 0.5 beats at a rate of 171 ± 40 beats/min. The QTc interval at the minimum heart rate correlated directly with age (p <0.001), total ventricular premature complexes (p = 0.007), ventricular couplets (p = 0.002), and ventricular tachycardia (p = 0.011). The QTc interval at the maximum heart rate correlated directly with age (p <0.001), total ventricular premature complexes (p = 0.016), and ventricular couplets (p = 0.006). In conclusion, the QTc interval correlated with ventricular ectopic complexes in patients with WS. The type of ventricular ectopic complexes suggested an alternate etiology of the QTc prolongation seen in WS from that seen in congenital long QT syndrome.
R Thomas Collins; Peter F Aziz; Christopher J Swearingen; Paige B Kaplan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas; University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas.
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