Document Detail

Relation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D to heart rate and cardiac work (from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20102903     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Vitamin D may protect against cardiovascular disease, but its association with cardiac function is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) with heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and the rate-pressure product (RPP). Data analyses were carried out on 27,153 participants aged > or =20 years, with measurements of serum 25(OH)D, heart rate (from radial pulse), and systolic blood pressure, in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) carried out from 1988 to 1994 and from 2001 to 2006. RPP was calculated as heart rate times systolic blood pressure. Results were adjusted for age, gender, race or ethnicity, body mass index, physical activity, tobacco smoking, co-morbidities, and blood pressure treatment. Compared to participants with 25(OH)D > or =35 ng/ml, the adjusted mean +/- SE heart rate was significantly (p <0.001) higher, by 2.1 +/- 0.6 beats/min, in participants with 25(OH)D <10.0 ng/ml, while mean systolic blood pressure was 1.9 +/- 0.8 mm Hg higher (p <0.05) for participants with 25(OH)D <10.0 ng/ml and 1.7 +/- 0.6 mm Hg higher (p <0.01) for those with 25(OH)D of 10.0 to 14.9 ng/ml. As a consequence, adjusted mean RPP was 408 +/- 110 beats/min . mm Hg higher (p <0.001) for participants with 25(OH)D <10.0 ng/ml and 245 +/- 80 beats/min . mm Hg higher (p <0.01) for participants with 25(OH)D of 10.0 to 14.9 ng/ml, compared to those with 25(OH)D > or =35 ng/ml. In conclusion, these results show that low serum 25(OH)D levels are associated with increased heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and RPP and suggest that low vitamin D status may increase cardiac work. Vitamin D intervention studies are required to confirm these findings.
Robert K Scragg; Carlos A Camargo; Robert U Simpson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study     Date:  2009-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-27     Completed Date:  2010-03-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  122-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Cardiovascular Diseases / blood*,  epidemiology,  prevention & control
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Surveys*
Heart Rate / physiology*
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys*
Retrospective Studies
United States
Vitamin D / analogs & derivatives*,  blood,  therapeutic use
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
1406-16-2/Vitamin D; 64719-49-9/25-hydroxyvitamin D

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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