Document Detail

Relapse following frontofacial advancement using the rigid external distractor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18216675     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Multisutural synostosis may result in frontofacial hypoplasia. The aesthetic and function problems arising from this can be corrected by frontofacial advancement, either by monobloc or bipartition osteotomy. Significantly larger, safer advancements can be achieved using distraction osteogenesis when compared to conventional osteotomy. However, the stability of this technique has been questioned. A retrospective study of 21 patients with craniofacial dysostosis who underwent frontofacial advancement osteotomies using the rigid external distractor system was undertaken. Twelve were distracted on protocol 1 (24 hours after surgery at 1.5 mm/d). Nine were distracted on protocol 2 (7 days after surgery at 1 mm/d). A 6-week consolidation period was used. Changes in frontofacial advancement in the sagittal plane were measured preoperatively, immediately, at 6 months, and where possible thereafter annually using lateral cephalograms and three-dimensional computed tomography scans. The midface was distracted an average of 16.4 mm with a range of 12 to 22 mm as measured in the sagittal plain. Relapse was seen only in 3 of 21 patients, and all of these patients were distracted using protocol 1. Distraction osteogenesis of the frontofacial skeleton using the rigid external distractor frame is generally stable. In this series, a longer latency period and reduced distraction rate resulted in greater stability. Overdistraction in the growing infant is recommended to allow for completion of growth. Overdistraction is not needed to compensate for potential relapse.
Helen Witherow; Filip Thiessen; Robert Evans; Barry M Jones; Richard Hayward; David Dunaway
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of craniofacial surgery     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1049-2275     ISO Abbreviation:  J Craniofac Surg     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-24     Completed Date:  2008-04-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010410     Medline TA:  J Craniofac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  113-20     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Craniofacial Surgery, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Acrocephalosyndactylia / surgery
Cephalometry / methods
Child, Preschool
Craniofacial Dysostosis / surgery*
Craniotomy / methods
Down Syndrome / surgery
External Fixators*
Facial Bones / surgery
Follow-Up Studies
Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods
Maxillofacial Development
Osteogenesis, Distraction / instrumentation*,  methods
Osteotomy / methods
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / instrumentation*,  methods
Retrospective Studies
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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