Document Detail


Reinventing species selection with molecular phylogenies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19740566     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Species selection as a potential driver of macroevolutionary trends has been relegated to a largely philosophical position in modern evolutionary biology. Fundamentally, species selection is the outcome of heritable differences in speciation and extinction rates among lineages when the causal basis of those rate differences can be decoupled from genotypic (within-population) fitnesses. Here, we discuss the rapidly growing literature on variation in species diversification rates as inferred from molecular phylogenies. We argue that modern studies of diversification rates demonstrate that species selection is an important process influencing both the evolution of biological diversity and distributions of phenotypic traits within higher taxa. Explicit recognition of multi-level selection refocuses our attention on the mechanisms by which traits influence speciation and extinction rates.
Authors:
Daniel L Rabosky; Amy R McCune
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2009-09-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Trends in ecology & evolution     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0169-5347     ISO Abbreviation:  Trends Ecol. Evol. (Amst.)     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-01     Completed Date:  2010-03-23     Revised Date:  2011-05-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8805125     Medline TA:  Trends Ecol Evol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  68-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. DLR32@cornell.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Evolution, Molecular*
Genetic Speciation*
Phylogeny*
Selection, Genetic*

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