Document Detail


Reinforcing properties of inhaled substances.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  400898     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Inhaled substances can support behavior by acting as reinforcing stimulus events. The deliberate inhalation of volatile materials is attributable to the positively reinforcing properties of these substances and can induce profound toxicity. On the other hand, inhaled substances can also be aversive, e.g., corrosives, certain solvents, and combustion products. Both positive and negative reinforcing properties of inhaled materials can be used to support the behavior of laboratory animals. Several rules of evidence should be met, however, to demonstrate conclusively that an inhalant has such properties. Such properties should be considered in industrial hygiene and environmental quality decisions.
Authors:
R W Wood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurobehavioral toxicology     Volume:  1 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0191-3581     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurobehav Toxicol     Publication Date:  1979  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-04-01     Completed Date:  1988-04-01     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8001482     Medline TA:  Neurobehav Toxicol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Environmental Health Services Center, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY 14642.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Inhalation*
Animals
Behavior, Animal / drug effects*
Humans
Motivation / drug effects*
Reinforcement (Psychology)*
Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA-00623/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; ES-01247/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; MH-11752/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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