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Reinforcement of anticipatory eating by short as well as long fasts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22595288     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rats can learn to anticipate the omission of subsequent meals by increasing food intake. Our previous reports have analysed group means at each trial but that does not allow for rats learning at different speeds. This paper presents instead a rat-by-rat analysis of all the raw data from previous experiments. The re-analysis supports the published evidence that the capacity for reinforcement generated by withholding of food is greater after a longer fast than after a shorter fast, but that the learning is quicker after the shorter fast. The individualised analyses also extend the evidence that the pattern of learning, extinction and re-learning with shorter fasts is similar to that with longer fasts. These findings indicate that, contrary to our previous interpretation, a single learning mechanism can explain the effects of both durations of food deprivation.
Authors:
Soghra Jarvandi; David A Booth; Louise Thibault
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Division of Health Behavior Research, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri.
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