Document Detail


Rehospitalization for respiratory illness in infants of less than 32 weeks' gestation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1881733     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
All 133 surviving infants of gestational age less than or equal to 32 weeks born July 1, 1985, to June 30, 1986, as well as a socioeconomically matched full-term control group were observed prospectively for 2 years to determine the incidence of rehospitalization for respiratory illness. Perinatal and seasonal factors associated with increased risk for such hospitalizations were also examined. Forty-seven (36%) preterm infants were rehospitalized compared with 3 (2.5%) of 121 term infants (P less than .001). Preterm infants with and without rehospitalization were similar for mean birth weight (1104 +/- 329 g and 1188 +/- 360 g, respectively) and gestational age (28 +/- 2 weeks for both groups); however, infants who were subsequently rehospitalized had required more days of mechanical ventilation, supplemental oxygen therapy, and neonatal intensive care. While a history of bronchopulmonary dysplasia was a risk factor for rehospitalization (45% compared with 25% of those without bronchopulmonary dysplasia, P less than .05), preterm infants with no history of bronchopulmonary dysplasia still showed a 10-fold increase compared with control infants. Among the 43 infants who required no mechanical ventilation beyond the day of birth, 10 (23%) required rehospitalization.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
C K Cunningham; J A McMillan; S J Gross
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1991 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-10-02     Completed Date:  1991-10-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  527-32     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York Health Science Center, Syracuse 13210.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Birth Weight
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Gestational Age
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / epidemiology*
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Length of Stay
Patient Readmission*
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Tract Diseases / epidemiology*
Seasons

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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