Document Detail


Rehabilitation of sensorimotor integration deficits in balance impairment of patients with stroke hemiparesis: a before/after pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18941933     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Balance impairment in patients with stroke hemiparesis is frequently related to deficits of central integration of afferent inputs (somatosensory, visual, vestibular). Our aim was to evaluate whether balance exercises performed under various sensory input manipulations can improve postural stability and/or walking ability in patients with stroke. Seven chronic hemiparetic subjects were recruited. Patient performance was assessed before, immediately after and one week after treatment (consisting of 20 one-hour daily sessions of several balance exercises) by means of the Sensory Organization Balance Test and the Ten Metre Walking Test. Before treatment, all patients showed balance impairment with difficulty integrating somatosensory information from the lower extremities and excessive reliance upon visual input in standing balance control. After treatment, balance and walking speed significantly increased and this improvement was maintained for one week. These findings indicate that rehabilitation of sensorimotor integration deficits can improve balance in patients with stroke hemiparesis.
Authors:
Nicola Smania; Alessandro Picelli; Marialuisa Gandolfi; Antonio Fiaschi; Michele Tinazzi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article     Date:  2008-10-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1590-1874     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-22     Completed Date:  2009-04-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100959175     Medline TA:  Neurol Sci     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  313-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Rehabilitation Unit, G.B. Rossi University Hospital, Via L.A. Scuro 10, Verona, Italy. nicola.smania@univr.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Paresis / complications*,  etiology
Pilot Projects
Postural Balance / physiology*
Posture*
Sensation Disorders / etiology,  rehabilitation*
Statistics, Nonparametric
Stroke / complications,  rehabilitation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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