Document Detail


Regulative influence of o-aminobenzoic acid on the biosynthesis of nourseothricin in cultures of Streptomyces noursei JA 3890b. IV. Bistability of metabolism and the mechanism of action of aminobenzoic acids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  231865     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Using the semi-continuous cultivation technique we could establish that specifically in Streptomyces noursei JA 3890b during growth on a medium supplied with D,L-alanine, NH4+, and maize starch there are two different phenotypes of the organism and stationary states of metabolism, respectively. The expression of either the metabolic state I with an enhanced capacity to oxidative deamination of alanine via the NAD+-dependent alanaine dehydrogenase or the metabolic state 2 which may be characterized by the preferred use of ammonium ions via the NADP+-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase was shown to depend strongly on the conditions of inoculum cultivation. When the amino acid permeases were derepressed by cultivating the inoculum cells on amino acid media, probably due to the defective mechanism of negative feedback control of amino acid influx in this strain an abnormously high uptake of alanine was observed that, consequently, was correlated to the enhanced oxidation of this amino acid as well as to the intensive production of ammonia within the cell. This overproduction of cellular NH4+ seems to bring about the subsequent repression of biosynthetic glutamate dehydrogenase and so on the accumulation of ammonia autocatalytically may rise up (metabolic state I). On the other hand, if the influx of alanine was kept low and the NADH oxidation was less efficient, respectively, or when there was high cellular activity of glutamate dehydrogenase the level of ammonia never did exceed the respressory limit and, accordingly, the expression of the metabolic state 2 was observed. Switching-over of metabolic flux from the state 2 towards the state 1 can be brought about either by increasing the level of nitrogen sources in the medium or by adding buffers pH greater than 7.5. In contrast, decrease of cellular level of NH4+ was shown to induce the transition of metabolic state 1 into the state 2. This can be achieved not only by limitation of nitrogen source but also by adding different aminobenzoic acids and, alternatively, effectors of membrane function (short-chain alcohols), inhibitors of cytochrome oxidases (sodium azide, potassium cyanide), heavy metal (Fe++)-chelating agents (catechol, 2,5'-dipyridyl, o-phenanthroline), beta-alanine, and buffers pH less than 7. This suggests that these effectors are capable of preventing the abnormously high influx of amino acids as well as its wasteful catabolism within the cell of S. noursei JA 3890b. Therefore, it seems likely that by this way the aminobenzoic acids and similar effectors can diminish the catabolite repression or inhibition of secondary metabolism by cellular excess of some nitrogen compounds in good agreement with its well-known stimulatory action on the biosynthesis of the antibiotic nourseothricin in this strain.
Authors:
U Gräfe; H Bocker; H Thrum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Zeitschrift für allgemeine Mikrobiologie     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0044-2208     ISO Abbreviation:  Z. Allg. Mikrobiol.     Publication Date:  1979  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-05-30     Completed Date:  1980-05-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413631     Medline TA:  Z Allg Mikrobiol     Country:  GERMANY, EAST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  235-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alanine / metabolism
Amino Acid Oxidoreductases / metabolism
Amino Acids / metabolism
Ammonia / metabolism
Anthranilic Acids / pharmacology*
Anti-Bacterial Agents / biosynthesis*
Culture Media
Enzyme Repression
Glutamate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
Streptomyces / drug effects*,  metabolism
Streptothricins / biosynthesis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Anthranilic Acids; 0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/Culture Media; 54003-27-9/Streptothricins; 56-41-7/Alanine; 7664-41-7/Ammonia; EC 1.4.-/Amino Acid Oxidoreductases; EC 1.4.1.2/Glutamate Dehydrogenase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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