Document Detail

Regulation of energy balance in photosystems in response to changes in CO2 concentrations and light intensities during growth in extremely-high-CO2-tolerant green microalgae.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11978872     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Regulation of energy balance in photosystems in response to extremely-high-CO2 (40%) and low-CO2 (0.04%) stress was studied in extremely-high-CO2-tolerant green microalgae, Chlorococcum littorale and Chlorella sp. UK001. To investigate the energy input process, we assessed an F714/F685-ratio in a 77K fluorescence emission spectrum induced by 440-nm excitation in intact cells, which represents a ratio of fluorescence intensities derived from light-harvesting chlorophyll complexes in PSI and PSII. The F714/F685-ratio increased in several days after transferring C. littorale cells from air to 40% CO2, from 3% to 40% CO2 and from 3% to air. In all cases, the increase in the F714/F685-ratio was observed in high cell density culture, but no or a little increase was apparent in sparse cell density culture, when these cultures were illuminated at 250 micromol photon m-2 s-1. Even in the sparse culture, however, a similar increase in the F714/F685-ratio was observed when C. littorale cells were transferred from 3% to 40% CO2 at 20 micromol photon m-2 s-1. The cell density did not affect the F714/F685-ratio when CO2 concentration was kept at 3%. The activity of PSI electron (e-) transport was much higher in 40% CO2-grown cells than in 3% CO2-grown cells irrespective of the cell density during the culture, whereas the difference in PSII activity between them was small. The PSI activity at high cell density was higher also in air-grown cells than that in 3% CO2-grown cells. In both dense and sparse culture, 40% CO2-grown cells and air-grown cells showed higher relative quantum yield of PSI in the presence of DCMU than 3% CO2-grown cells, suggesting an increase in cyclic electron flow around PSI. Likewise, the increase in the F714/F685-ratio in response to the transfer to 40% CO2 was observed also in another extremely-high-CO2-tolerant alga, Chlorella sp. UK001. The possible role of the increases in the F714/F685-ratio, PSI/PSII activity ratio and cyclic e- transport activity in extremely-high-CO2 acclimation is discussed in comparison with low-CO2 acclimation.
Akira Satoh; Norihide Kurano; Horst Senger; Shigetoh Miyachi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant & cell physiology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0032-0781     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Cell Physiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-04-29     Completed Date:  2002-08-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9430925     Medline TA:  Plant Cell Physiol     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  440-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Marine Biotechnology Institute, Kamaishi Laboratories, Heita 3-75-1, Iwate 026-0001 Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Acclimatization / physiology*
Algae, Green / drug effects*,  physiology,  radiation effects
Carbon Dioxide / pharmacology*
Chlorella / drug effects,  physiology,  radiation effects
Chlorophyll / metabolism
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Energy Metabolism / drug effects*
Light-Harvesting Protein Complexes
Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Light-Harvesting Protein Complexes; 0/Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 1406-65-1/Chlorophyll

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